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Fergus Dunlop

Contacts
07781 123977
  • Parish St Saviour
  • Experience New Candidate
What do you think?
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Personal Statement

My family and I chose Guernsey for lots of reasons. After we got here, I found more. I love Guernsey’s welcome and tolerance. I love the quiet pride and the lively debate; the small footprint and the big brains; the low crime and the high aspirations. Most of all, I love Guernsey’s sense of liberation. Let me explain.

  • 33 years in international Finance
  • 18 years running my own business
  • 11 years co-ordinating the consumer group ‘Bus Users Guernsey’
  • 5 nativity plays written for St Saviour’s Sunday Club
  • 3 years a Parish Constable
  • 2 wonderful children and a lovely wife
  • 1st job was as an MP’s parliamentary assistant in Westminster

Manifesto

NON PARTY I love democracy. But I never was, nor ever will be, a member of a political party. From my first job, with two MPs in the 1980s, I know first-hand about party politics.

  • Party means patronage, ‘whips’, secret deals and threats about how to vote.

Later I lived in Germany for 9 years. It was just as bad. Give me Guernsey’s free speech, hustings and candidates face-to-face with voters.

Parties – We don’t need them

STRONG ECONOMY I am part of, and will stick up for, that less visible bit of Guernsey – our Finance industries (see my website).

  • Thanks to Finance, our economy has earned well during the pandemic, by working from home.
  • Thanks to Finance, Islanders’ staycation spending far outweighs lost visitor income.

Yet the Committee for Economic Development (‘ED’) cut ties by no longer appointing savvy non-States members. Finance’s advice to Government has become too easy to ignore.

Finance – will be my priority #1

STRONG NETWORKS In 2009, I set up the campaign group ‘Bus Users Guernsey’. In 2013, I signed the Douzaine Charter on behalf of St Saviour’s. I am a life member of The National Trust of Guernsey, a member of La Société and of The Victor Hugo in Guernsey Society.

Parishes and tradition – love them

NO MORE DEBT P&R has called for a huge bond. £500m. ‘Maybe more than that’, said its President in April. The States was initially given just two days to agree. Happily it didn’t. The schools were all back by 8th June, and we returned to work, so the bond is unnecessary.

Now, rather than admit a mistake and forgo the debt, the scaremongering goes on:

Speaking to the IoD on 8th July, the Deputy President of P&R predicted unemployment of 8% by Christmas. He added that our entire rainy day fund had been spent. Without borrowing massively, he said, it would take ‘ten years to recover’. At the same meeting, our President of ED said that ‘shutting ourselves off from the world will cause endless damage to our economy’.

It was a fiction. Guernsey is enjoying what economists call a ‘V-shaped’ recovery:

  • The Finance sector hasn’t missed a beat.
  • Islanders staying at home in Phase 5 outspend what visitors normally bring in.
  • After 19th June, restaurants, night clubs, bars and salons were packed.
  • By 8th August unemployment was down to 686, which is 2.1%. The problem now is finding staff, not finding customers.
  • Other global finance centres are empty – in-person meetings don’t happen.
  • We’re preparing for our friendly Phase 5c.

Debt – Stop the borrow-and-spend merchants

THE REST FOLLOWS If we can get the jobs, tax and regulation right, we can pay for:

  • Good health – we need doctors and nurses, and prevention is better than cure.
  • Good education – we need teachers, and our exam results are better than critics said.
  • Good sports – creating the Guernsey Sports Commission was truly far-sighted.
  • Good training and retraining – The GTA, CFE, WEA, industry etc., do a great job. I support an independent Guernsey Institute.
  • Good connectivity – which means 5G and fibre, more than a longer runway.
  • Good stewardship of our corner of the planet – we are steadily getting there.

LET’S SECURE OUR FINANCE SECTOR

Answers to questions proposed by the public:

Most of the detailed work of the States is done in committees, like the Committee for Environment and Infrastructure. What experience do you have of being on a committee and how did you contribute?

I have extensive committee experience, from chairing Douzaine meetings to heading up the Remuneration Committee of a FTSE 100 company. My contribution is partly in keeping the big picture, partly in the process (ensuring that all choices are heard),and partly in checking that the details are correct.

With unemployment currently running at an all time high, what measures would you like in place to ensure local people are offered jobs before license holders ?

"By end August unemployment was down to 690, which is 2.1%. Guernsey is enjoying what economists call a ‘V-shaped’ recovery: • The Finance sector hasn’t missed a beat. • Islanders staying at home in Phase 5 can outspend by three times what visitors normally bring in. • After 19th June, restaurants night clubs, bars and salons were packed. • In the hospitality and construction sectors, the problem now is finding staff, not finding customers. • Therefore we do not currently need any special measures to prefer locals over license holders.

What concrete measures would you like to see implemented in Guernsey during the next term to achieve net zero carbon by 2050?

Reliance on green electricity, diversified between local tidal power and from France. Meanwhile we should develop on-Island cracking of water into hydrogen and oxygen using from sea-bed tidal power and offshore wind power. Solar is insufficient in the winter months when power consumption goes up. Electrification of private and public transport. Improvement of home insulation. Hydrogen fuel cells on all ferries.

I live in St Peter Port but have interests in the Vale, St Peters and Castel. Will you be looking at Island Wide issues or more so in your Parish of residence?

Yes. My main focuses are living within our means, nurturing the finance sector, and on-island networks. However, as a former parish constable out West, I have a particular concern that those parishes will be under represented in the States, and hope to argue the case for them.

Are you concerned about the large amount of agricultural land that is being lost for private gardens?

Yes. I want to see our rural landscape preserved, which includes Guernsey herds, but also clifftops free of invasive species etc.. We should find a way to encourage more small-holdings which are productive and have wellness benefits. If larger private gardens mean more vegetable patches, that must be good. Private gardens also tend to be good for pollinators and birds, as are our many banks an hedgerows. Destructive strimming of banks should be discouraged.

You will make many commitments as a politician, but how will you actually ensure these are achieved? If you have been a deputy before, what will you do differently this term to improve achievements?

I will only commit to things which I could deliver. I will try not to commit to things which subsequently prove impossible. We have a duty to dream, and the States has responsibility for other people's dreams. However, Guernsey is a small place in the global scheme of things, and must have it's feet on the ground.

What are your opinions on climate change and Guernsey's role in tackling it?

Climate change is real, and is a threat to our low-lying coastal areas and our seasons and weather patterns. Indirectly it will cause mass-migrations of populations away from deserts and coastal areas, and this will cause international tensions. Guernsey is wealthy and intelligent enough to set a good example in reducing the causes of climate change.

What are the attributes and skills you will be looking for in the next President of the Policy & Resources Committee?

The next President of P&R must have the humility, integrity and strength of character to match the culture of Guernsey . This means leading within our existing framework of consensus politics. He or she will need courage and media skills to stick up for Guernsey on the international stage.

If the independent Cost Benefit Analysis supports lengthening the airport runway, would you vote in favour of investing in this key element of island infrastructure?

As the question acknowledges, the existing runway already serves as a 'key element of island infrastructure'. If the island economy can survive the airport being closed for a week for fog or volcanic ash without collapsing, I would even hesitate to call it 'key'. The closure of the airport during COVID, while the finance sector did not miss a beat, show that it is only a second-line priority after our internet connection. So in my view the runway is sufficiently long, and I would not spend money lengthening it.

Do you believe that diversification of the island's tax base is an important consideration for Guernsey in today's volatile and fast-moving global economy? If so, how can this specifically be achieved for Guernsey?

Guernsey's economy is not typical, and we would not be here if we applied typical solutions. More important than the diversification of the tax base is the securing of our economic future. Without the exports and jobs, there is nothing to tax.

What are the candidates' views on maternity pay and leave and how would they improve the current arrangements, if at all?

Maternity pay is absolutely necessary to keep up our workforce participation rate and our birth rate. In my personal experience, babies have as big an influence over how long mothers need off work, as the mothers themselves. However businesses cannot always keep jobs open for mothers indefinitely. So I think the current rules are fair.

I believe Guernsey needs a vision; a forward-thinking concept for the future of the island’s infrastructure, community wellbeing and economy. What’s yours?

A tolerant, welcoming, well-educated, amazingly networked society, which lives within its means and punches well above its weight.

Do you agree that people should be encouraged to use cars less and if so what measures would you like to see introduced to achieve this?

As the co-ordinator of Bus Users Guernsey, I have a long record of helping make the bus service more enticing for car users. Encouraging people to use public transport isn't anti-car, or stop people being petrol-heads. However, more of us could get the bus tracker app and use the bus when we can, for example commuting. BUG claims many policy successes (see my website, fd.gg) but still has ideas to improve the bus service at no extra cost. For example we believe that bus drivers should have the discretion to take bikes on board, particularly on uphill stretches. Also buses should be able to carry passengers up and down the eastern seafront, rather than travelling 'Out of Service' between the Depot and the Terminus.

Do you support outsourcing of States services?

Yes. Just as many Guernsey businesses outsource specialist functions, it is OK for the States too. However, each outsourcing contract must be written carefully, and include service level agreements which have teeth.

What will you do to educate the islanders about the reality of the climate crisis which is the biggest threat currently facing the world?

The States must lead by example. The electric Postie vans a re a good guide. People can see this happening for themselves, but it takes time for the reality to sink in.

Most environmental problems are caused by the love of growth. Would you consider de-growth?

No. Growth is based in improved efficiency. If we can do the same with less of everything, we can also use less of everything to do more.

What intra island transport strategy would you support to ensure safe and ‘clean’ travel on island for all road users, pedestrians, cyclists and motorists? And how do you plan to deliver that plan financially?

As the co-ordinator of Bus Users Guernsey, I have a long record of helping make the bus service more enticing for car users. Encouraging people to use public transport isn't anti-car, or stop people being petrol-heads. However, more of us could get the bus tracker app and use the bus when we can, for example commuting. BUG claims many policy successes (see my website, fd.gg) but still has ideas to improve the bus service at no extra cost. For example we believe that bus drivers should have the discretion to take bikes on board, particularly on uphill stretches. Also buses should be able to carry passengers up and down the eastern seafront, rather than travelling 'Out of Service' between the Depot and the Terminus.

What environmental policies would you support to reduce Guernsey’s reliance on the internal combustion engine, in support of International global warming initiatives?

As the co-ordinator of Bus Users Guernsey, I have a long record of helping make the bus service more enticing for car users. Encouraging people to use public transport isn't anti-car, or stop people being petrol-heads. However, more of us could get the bus tracker app and use the bus when we can, for example commuting. BUG claims many policy successes (see my website, fd.gg) but still has ideas to improve the bus service at no extra cost. For example we believe that bus drivers should have the discretion to take bikes on board, particularly on uphill stretches. Also buses should be able to carry passengers up and down the eastern seafront, rather than travelling 'Out of Service' between the Depot and the Terminus.

What measures will you put in place during the next term to ensure that environmental biodiversity will be protected and enhanced?

I want to see our rural landscape preserved, which includes Guernsey herds, but also clifftops free of invasive species etc.. We should find a way to encourage more small-holdings which are productive and have wellness benefits. If larger private gardens mean more vegetable patches, that must be good. Private gardens also tend to be good for pollinators and birds, as are our many banks an hedgerows. Destructive strimming of banks should be discouraged.

The Guernsey Press had an article and a picture of a proposed East Coast development called HYDROPORT. It seemed to me to be a brilliant plan and included a new deep water harbour, a hydro electric supply by enclosing Belgrave bay and changes to St Peter port harbour to accommodate cruise liners and super yachts. It would provide jobs, produce an ongoing and substantial revenue stream and make us to some extent self-reliant on electricity, why has there been no update on this project?

In a networked and flat culture and society like Guernsey, this kind of project needs community buy-in.

Do you agree that there is a climate crisis caused predominantly by the actions of humans?

Yes.

Longue Hougue has been proposed as a site for inert waste disposal despite it being a site of international importance in terms of wildlife. La Societe Guernesiase and other scientists have advised against this. What will you do to ensure that this valuable habitat is protected?

We need to create sufficient nature reserves (including marine reserves) to allow humans and wildlife to co-exist.

Most scientists and experts agree that a target of 2050 to achieve ‘net zero’ carbon emissions is nowhere near ambitious enough and will have catastrophic consequences around the world. What will you do to ensure that Guernsey takes action to significantly reduce carbon emissions during the next term?

Reliance on green electricity, diversified between local tidal power and from France. Meanwhile we should develop on-Island cracking of water into hydrogen and oxygen using from sea-bed tidal power and offshore wind power. Solar is insufficient in the winter months when power consumption goes up. Electrification of private and public transport. Improvement of home insulation. Hydrogen fuel cells on all ferries.

What is your view on current spending on Aurigny, is it worth how much we are paying? Is it run efficiently? Did we need new aircraft?

I am happy with our current spending on Aurigny. It tries hard but is still not sufficiently customer-focused. Yes, all aircraft eventually need replacing if you use them.

If elected, would you fully support the retention, repair and ongoing maintenance of the Sea Defences provided by the anti-tank wall at L’Ancresse Bay?

Yes.

A significant proportion of the concerns about the two college model of secondary education related to the capital costs and space standards: they could have been addressed with higher spending. Would you be prepared to spend more money on the future model of secondary education than previously agreed by the States in September 2019? If so, how much more?

Any model of the schools can be made to work if you throw enough money at it. The problem with the two-school model is that the costs are very high to achieve the benefits we can get from a three-plus-one model. NB the bus fleet would need to be doubled.

With the general increase in costs of running the island and with various capital projects requiring funding; and with limitations on the amount that islanders can be taxed; do you think that it may be time to revisit the 0-10 tax scheme that created a big black hole in the island's finances?

This would require co-operation with other jurisdictions, which I think is a realistic prospect, post-COVID, so long as we send in fresh negotiators, untainted by historic mis-trust.

If elected, what priority will you give to the introduction of the already-drafted consumer protection legislation?

Let's get already-drafted legislation through.

Did you know that same-sex families aren't treated equally when it comes to registering the birth of a child? What will you do to change that?

Change the law.

Would you support a programme of privatisation of island utilities and other facilities such as Beau Sejour to help reduce record levels of borrowing resulting from the cost of Covid defences?

There are ways to privities which allow the State to retain influence and even control. Some assets are natural monopolies, and State ownership is beneficial. Others compete with market forces, and States ownership holds them back. I would partially privities the Dairy, with the States retaining a controlling share, but allowing a public-private partnership on a new site so that this iconic brand can reach its full potential. It must not be forced to borrow from the States if it can find the money at half the interest rate in the market.

Increasing home working will likely result in surplus office space. Will you encourage an urgent revision of Planning Policies to facilitate conversion of retail and office space to residential & curb green-field development?

Yes

What is your attitude towards enhanced and mandatory registration, chipping and DNA recording of dogs and control of their fouling, island-wide?

Dog registration is already mandatory. I am pro-dog, and have lived happily with dogs as family pets. Of course owners need to pick up dog-mess. Chipping is a good idea, DNA recoding is a step too far. I am more worried about the deadly effect that our cats can have on the song-bird population. Guernsey has the highest per-capita cat population in the British Isles, I'm told. Owners should be encouraged to put a small bell on their cat's collar.

I have one question for sitting Deputies and one for new candidates. Deputies:- what, in your mind, was your greatest political achievement in the last four years? New candidates:- What is your biggest political goal in the next four years?

Welcoming back finance sector innovators into a conversation with the States and the Regulator. If we can oil the wheels of our main export industry, the good things can follow.

How good are your mediation and conciliation skills? The key to the islands well-being and progress is in working together to achieve the projects approved - to see sustainable, innovative solutions. Leadership in pulling the team together to move forward, rather than in circles.

I have deep experience of building bridges and developing products across the financial services sector. I believe in encouraging contributions from all sides, and in sharing the credit for success widely.

Would you support not giving Local Market licenses to those earning above a set level to support both LM and OM?

No. I am happy with our current arrangement. By end August unemployment was down to 690, which is 2.1%. Guernsey is enjoying what economists call a ‘V-shaped’ recovery: • The Finance sector hasn’t missed a beat. • Islanders staying at home in Phase 5 can outspend by three times what visitors normally bring in. • After 19th June, restaurants night clubs, bars and salons were packed. • In the hospitality and construction sectors, the problem now is finding staff, not finding customers. • Therefore we do not currently need any special measures to prefer locals over license holders.

First time buyers are encouraged to buy new build developments taking up green space, while there are vast amounts of listed properties facing dereliction on the island - buildings ripe for restoration, renovation and to be lived in. Currently, people are put off as they are greeted with stringent and outdated views by The Planning and Heritage Department - it takes too much time and money so are immediately put off. What will you do to change the process for the better?

I agree that the planning process around potential in-Town dwellings is too strict. However, I want to protect the external look of our townscape.

Would you support changes in the law to make cannabis for personal use legal?

Yes, the time has come, however, it needs to be controlled and taxed in the same way as tobacco, and we must accept and fund the consequential health costs.

Question for New Candidates: During the COVID-19 lockdown States Meetings were held virtually. On 24th of June Meetings resumed in the Royal Court Chamber. As a prospective States Member have you spent any time at all in the public gallery observing our Parliament (potentially your future workplace) in action? If not, why not?

Yes, I have watched States debates from the public gallery on and off for at least 12 years. I well remember the 'Time Zone' debate, when Stuart Falla defeated an attempt by Peter Roffey to adopt Berlin time in February 2008.

In 1945, the generosity of people outside Guernsey enabled the delivery of Red Cross parcels to the island on the SS Vega. What is your view on the statement that ‘charity begins at home but should not end there’? How can we best show our care for people in need in other parts of the world?

I am happy with our current spending on international aid.

This is a question for new candidates; do you agree with the principle of scrutiny of government and if so how would you ensure that it was fairly carried out ?

Yes, scrutiny is part of good government. We consider should re-creating the old-style independent audit committee alongside the 2016 Scrutiny Committee. We also need to recreate the States Economist function, and start collecting and publishing real-time data on our economy.

Considering the mounting public pressure against the way our current justice system deals with cannabis offences, what is your stance on the legalisation and regulation of cannabis in Guernsey?

The time has come, however, it needs to be controlled and taxed in the same way as tobacco, and we must accept and fund the consequential health costs.

In a review last year into drugs and treatments and States debate in January, HSC acknowledged that the disparity between life changing NICE TA drugs available in Guernsey compared to the NHS had become too great to be justified, with nearly 4000 patients now on sub-optimal treatments. The Guernsey Health Reserve was identified as the funding source. HSC announced last week a delay of at least a year to the implementation of this policy. How do you propose to tackle the pace at which change takes place within the States? Should you be held accountable for delivering on commitments you make individually, as a committee or collectively as the States?

The main question here seems to be about medicines. Again, this is a question of money. Drug companies make a fortune from new and expensive 'optimal' patent medicines. Whether we like it or not, our social security contributions have never been high enough to justify the same level of free care as in a high-tax jurisdiction. I would encourage the use of drugs which have come off-patent.

What ideas do you have to ensure there is affordable housing including support for first time buyers and ensure affordable rental property is available for locals so they can continue to live here? What is your stance on mortgage tax relief and shared ownership initiatives?

I am keen to support the GHA. It must not be forced to borrow from the States if it can find the money at half the interest rate in the market. The States should build on its spare brownfield sites and lease the properties for first time buyers.

Earlier this year, the States passed the introduction of life-saving and life-changing NICE-Approved drugs & medicines by a massive 32-1 vote; these drugs are readily available under the NHS and SHS in the UK. HSC have now announced that the implementation of this is now to be delayed by a year or so. Out of all projects the States have on their list - this has to be THE single most important one because it will affect up to 4,000+ residents of our island. How do you intend to bring forward the delay of this incredibly important topic to a much quicker implementation date?

The main question here seems to be about medicines. Again, this is a question of money. Drug companies make a fortune from new and expensive 'optimal' patent medicines. Whether we like it or not, our social security contributions have never been high enough to justify the same level of free care as in a high-tax jurisdiction. I would encourage the use of drugs which have come off-patent.

What would you do to address traffic noise pollution from vehicles speeding and backfiring along St Georges Esplanade/Les Banques and towards town?

I would enforce the law regarding silencers on internal combustion engines (including light aircraft)

In January 2020 the States passed a policy to make all NICE TA drugs and treatments available to Islanders. Do you see this as a priority and if so how would you expedite implementation?

The main question here seems to be about medicines. Again, this is a question of money. Drug companies make a fortune from new and expensive 'optimal' patent medicines. Whether we like it or not, our social security contributions have never been high enough to justify the same level of free care as in a high-tax jurisdiction. I would encourage the use of drugs which have come off-patent.

The recent Frontier report on the runway extension summed up that "the economic benefits of extending the runway are likely to outweigh the costs" with net benefits over 40 years of up to £687m (over £20k per household). Post COVID, do you support continued investigation into the potential for a runway extension to improve Guernsey's infrastructure, air links, and sustain the visitor economy?

As the question acknowledges, the existing runway already serves as a 'key element of island infrastructure'. If the island economy can survive the airport being closed for a week for fog or volcanic ash without collapsing, I would even hesitate to call it 'key'. The closure of the airport during COVID, while the finance sector did not miss a beat, show that it is only a second-line priority after our internet connection. So in my view the runway is sufficiently long, and I would not spend money lengthening it.

Have you been made aware that every report that the SOG has commissioned for 20 years has flagged the need to extend the runway to circa 1700m+ and the commercial benefits it will bring for the island as a whole?

As the question acknowledges, the existing runway already serves as a 'key element of island infrastructure'. If the island economy can survive the airport being closed for a week for fog or volcanic ash without collapsing, I would even hesitate to call it 'key'. The closure of the airport during COVID, while the finance sector did not miss a beat, show that it is only a second-line priority after our internet connection. So in my view the runway is sufficiently long, and I would not spend money lengthening it.

Brexit presents a unique opportunity for Guernsey to strengthen its ties with other Commonwealth countries and stand on its own two feet on an international scale. Would you be willing to make an effort to strengthen our diplomatic ties to countries like New Zealand, Australia, and Canada?

I think trading opportunities should lead the way. If tourists from Commonwealth countries visit Europe, they should consider visiting Guernsey. I want to strengthen ties with our neighbours in the EU.

The current states assembly has approved proposals for a Discrimination Ordinance, but much work needs to be done. How committed are you to ensuring that LGBTQ+ people, people of colour, people with disabilities and people of faith are protected on this island?

I believe in Equal Justice under the Law. That was my placard at the BLM rally in St Peter Port.

What criteria do you use for decision making?

I weigh up the evidence.

In the last two years two pieces of legislation have come to the States which specifically target the most vulnerable members of our society - euthanasia and abortion - where a person’s fundamental and basic right to life is overridden in the name of lesser rights. Do you believe that disposing of a person’s life is a sign of progress? Do you believe that failing to protect human life at any age or stage of development is the mark of a civilised and enlightened and caring society?

I am pro-life on euthanasia and pro-choice on abortion.

It is beyond time to invest in our people, infrastructure and public services. Do you plan to make the island's tax system more fair and progressive, so that more businesses and the wealthy pay a fairer share?

No. We already invest in our people, infrastructure and public services, and businesses and 'the wealthy' make a huge contribution, both through employing people, training and voluntary donations. Guernsey has an unbelievable voluntary sector, and includes over 350 charities for only 65,000 people.

In light of covid-19 and the hit that the tourist industry has taken what plans (if any) would you try to put in place to make Guernsey more attractive to tourists after travel bans are lifted? And do you feel tourism should play a more crucial role in Guernsey? If not, why?

The hospitality sector is highly visible, but it is only 1.8% of the Guernsey economy. Lockdown has reminded us that our staycation pound is triple the visitor pound (tourists and business combined) . We still have many attractive features, and niche areas like our coastal military defences are opportunities. I even think the new Guernsey Dairy could be visitor-friendly, for example for cruise ship passengers. So tourism has a future. However, the bucket-and spade days of Sealink bringing British Rail staff will never return.

Please list in order of importance: - driving Guernsey’s economy - addressing social needs - protecting the environment - invest in Guernsey’s infrastructure and improve - sort out the schools - focus on air and sea links - extend the runway - implement revive and thrive as a priority - open our closed borders as a priority - reduce states expenditure

1) Economy - Finance Sector is key, 2) Living within our means (controlling States expenditure), 3) Education, 4) Social needs, 5) Environment, 6) Infrastructure. I think the scaremongering around 'Revive and Thrive' is premature. It is nonsense to say that our economy will be down 10% this year, as the Policy Letter in April claimed. That was a wild guess which needs to be nailed - we may be down 3%, maybe even flat. By end August unemployment was down to 690, which is 2.1%. Guernsey is enjoying what economists call a ‘V-shaped’ recovery: • The Finance sector hasn’t missed a beat. • Islanders staying at home in Phase 5 can outspend by three times what visitors normally bring in. • After 19th June, restaurants night clubs, bars and salons were packed. • In the hospitality and construction sectors, the problem now is finding staff, not finding customers. • Therefore we do not currently need any special measures to prefer locals over license holders.

List your achievements to date which have been a benefit to Guernsey.

I helped the Guernsey-based International Stock Exchange to gain recognition from the German financial services regulator, including in-person introductions in Frankfurt. As a constable I put St. Saviours accounts onto the same timetable as the tax year, and oversaw the initial moves to open the parish Community Centre. Bus Users Guernsey ('BUG') has been a quiet success behind the scenes. Since our foundation in 2009, we have won many campaigns (see www.fd.gg). But there is still plenty to do.

Do you support a reduction in the cost of running the civil service? If so, how would you do that and over what timescale?

Yes. I would reduce duplication which is evident for example in Health admin. The ongoing investment in IT must pay back in reduced processing times. However, the number of our states employees is low as a % of the population compared to other countries. Compared to the US or the UK, the percentage of the working population employed by the state is modest at 18% compared to the US at 25% and the UK 40%. It seems high because the overall 'workforce participation rate' - the proportion of the eligible population seeking a job - is only 50% in Guernsey lower than in the UK (75%) and the US (60%).

As we subsidise the airline, should Aurigny have a monopoly over all air routes to and from the Bailiwick, with a regulator to ensure fair pricing and a policy of not for profit?

Yes

What is your view regarding commercialisation with respect to States owned entities?

There are ways to privatise which allow the State to retain influence and even control. Some assets are natural monopolies, and State ownership is beneficial. Others compete with market forces, and States ownership holds them back. I would partially privatise the Dairy, with the States retaining a controlling share, but allowing a public-private partnership on a new site so that this iconic brand can reach its full potential. It must not be forced to borrow from the States if it can find the money at half the interest rate in the market. The hospitality sector is highly visible, but it is only 1.8% of the Guernsey economy. Lockdown has reminded us that our staycation pound is triple the visitor pound (tourists and business combined) . We still have many attractive features, and niche areas like our coastal military defences are opportunities. I even think the new Guernsey Dairy could be visitor-friendly, for example for cruise ship passengers. So tourism has a future. However, the bucket-and spade days of Sealink bringing British Rail staff will never return.

Should the island be spending tax payers money on maintaining air and sea links?

Yes

What is your view on future funding for long term care as current funding will be insufficient by 2040?

We need to help older people to stay in their own homes. We need to encourage healthy lifestyles.

What is your opinion of introducing a goods and sales tax?

Against

Would you support the ‘listing’ of all remaining historic military structures, as Jersey has done, to ensure their ongoing protection, repair and maintenance?

Yes, but listing does not ensure repair and maintenance. That needs investigation.

What initiatives would you put in place to grow our economy?

Welcoming back finance sector innovators into a conversation with the States and the Regualtor. If we can oil the wheels of our main export industry, the good things can follow.

Do you believe that the rates of income support are a) too low b) about right or c) too high? Explain your answer in some detail.

B) - Did you realise there would be so many questions when you requested me to explain 'in some detail'?

How will you support and encourage young people coming to the island with regards to housing and licencing to ensure the island has more stable tax base as the population ages?

This island needs young people. We must accept that our young people also want to travel and see the world. The most helpful thing we can do is to encourage them to say in touch and welcome them back.

How will your religious faith influence your voting decisions?

Yes. What you believe is central to you. What I believe is central to me. How could what I believe not influence my decisions?

Have you read the recommendations contained in the Frontier Economics Report in which they state that the long term benefits of extending the runway far outweigh the environmental and capital costs? If so, are you in favour of extending the runway?

The existing runway already serves as a 'key element of island infrastructure'. If the island economy can survive the airport being closed for a week for fog or volcanic ash without collapsing, I would even hesitate to call it 'key'. The closure of the airport during COVID, while the finance sector did not miss a beat, show that it is only a second-line priority after our internet connection. So in my view the runway is sufficiently long, and I would not spend money lengthening it.

What are your views on the cost of Primary Healthcare locally and what innovative ideas do you have that don’t simply involve ‘redirecting funding from a different states pot’ to create fair, equitable and affordable access to Primary Care for all islanders?

The main question here seems to be about medicines. Again, this is a question of money. Drug companies make a fortune from new and expensive 'optimal' patent medicines. Whether we like it or not, our social security contributions have never been high enough to justify the same level of free care as in a high-tax jurisdiction. I would encourage the use of drugs which have come off-patent.

Do you support developing end of life care (including palliative care) or would you look to introduce a form of euthanasia as in assisted dying (assisted suicide)?

End of life / palliative care

Education - Do you know what T levels are and if you do, would you be enthusiastically demanding that they are available here in Guernsey?

Yes

What will you do to help Guernsey businesses revive and thrive and make Guernsey a 'smarter' and technologically advanced place to do business, and to encourage new start up businesses?

1) Economy - Finance Sector is key, 2) Living within our means (controlling States expenditure), 3) Education, 4) Social needs, 5) Environment, 6) Infrastructure. I think the scaremongering around 'Revive and Thrive' is premature. It is nonsense to say that our economy will be down 10% this year, as the Policy Letter in April claimed. That was a wild guess which needs to be nailed - we may be down 3%, maybe even flat. By end August unemployment was down to 690, which is 2.1%. Guernsey is enjoying what economists call a ‘V-shaped’ recovery: • The Finance sector hasn’t missed a beat. • Islanders staying at home in Phase 5 can outspend by three times what visitors normally bring in. • After 19th June, restaurants night clubs, bars and salons were packed. • In the hospitality and construction sectors, the problem now is finding staff, not finding customers. • Therefore we do not currently need any special measures to prefer locals over license holders.

There is a lack of mental health support available - particularly to those who seem to fall into the apparent gap between the secondary and primary mental health services. What will you do to address this?

Speak up on this in the States.

How would you as a deputy ensure emotive proposals such as, change to abortion law or assisted dying law would be publicly debated? And allow Islanders to have more of a say in these emotive issues.

We have had these debates and I was happy with the outcomes. My focus will be to rebuild bridges between the States, The Regulator and Finance.

What is your position on the opportunity to debate the abortion issue more openly and fairly with more balanced representations to the Deputies?

We have had these debates and I was happy with the outcomes. My focus will be to rebuild bridges between the States, The Regulator and Finance.

How do you see the way forward for secondary education in the island? Do you favour a particular model and if so which one?

3 schools plus 1

Recognising the importance of our natural environment and our hospitality industry how would you propose to move forward essential repairs and any development at St Peter Port harbour, securing access to our beaches (e.g. Petit Port, Divette, Soldiers bay), the maintenance of our cliff paths and the important access from the bathing places to the Clarence battery? Does this essential maintenance take priority over the development of the East Coast/Town seafront?

Yes, this is more important than the Town seafront.

What are your views about the proposed way forward with regard to Probate, recognising that the age-old system has been efficient, pastoral, and inexpensive? Are you of the view "if it ain't broke don't fix it"?

The probate system has recently been changed. I am happy with the way it now is.

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