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Peter Terence Richard Ferbrache

  • Parish St Peter Port
  • Experience Current Deputy
What do you think?
Yes No Maybe

Personal Statement

I have been fortunate. I was born in Guernsey. It gave me the opportunity from a working class background to pass the 11 plus – qualify as a Barrister at the age of 21; be a Guernsey Advocate from 1981 and live in an Island which is second to none. I want to do all I can to ensure that the people of this Island can live happy and good lives.

  • The economy needs to be healthy and vibrant otherwise nothing else is possible.
  • Cut down on bureaucracy, regulation and legislation wherever possible.
  • To be financially prudent but also investing in an active way in our capital infrastructure.
  • Stop the trend to equalize down. Encourage wholesomely enterprise and initiative.

Manifesto

Too many people in their Manifesto promise things that they have no chance of achieving. I have no intention of doing that. What I can say is, that I have worked hard all my life to better myself and provide for my family. I have been entrepreneurial and tried to protect and enhance the values of our community. I intend if elected to continue to do that.

There are things that concern me and things we will need to do.

There are also some rigid principles I have. These include that:

  1. We facilitate an environment where creativity, productivity and success are allowed and applauded;
  2. We allow the elderly who have worked hard to have their own home to retain that without the State trying to charge it or take it away;
  3. We create equality of opportunity with the aim that whatever people’s talents we equalize up and not down. We encourage people to wherever possible create their own opportunities unhindered by States interference.

I have found the last four years though as a Politician frustrating:

  • There are too many procedures which take us nowhere;
  • It takes too long to do anything;
  • There have been too many cases revisiting of decisions;
  • There are too many vanity projects, which do not improve people’s lives, which can be summed up as “This would be a nice project but we have no idea how to fund it”.
  • There is no sufficient regard for the statement “Pennies do not fall from heaven; they have to be earned on earth”.
  • I do not want to seem like a prophet, but I have been consistent throughout this States in saying there is too much regulation, too little regard to having to earn money before you spend it, and too many people bearing their emotions in the States without any real idea of how the practical problems of the Bailiwick are to be solved. Now the Election looms there seem to be so many converts in the States.

People though want solutions and have concerns. Let me suggest a few because I am by nature a positive person. Only we can make our lives better:

Education touches every family. I regretted the passing of the 11 plus. We though have to deal with the situation as it is. I am now of the view that we should have 3 schools, (Beaucamp, Les Varendes and St Sampsons) and a sixth form Centre. We should also have for tertiary education a new Centre built at the old St Peter Port School site. The previous States and this one dismantled the Education system without any idea how it was to be changed. People who so voted are well known and wish to continue in senior office in the States.

Finances also touch every family. The burden on business and the tax payer is too high. We seem to want to manage decline rather than create opportunities for businesses and the economy to thrive. We can do that by being positive and proactive. The previous Assembly voted for a Bond of over £300 million, which we cannot redeem early and which the States has been scratching around to find a use for. We need to exercise better judgment and prudence than the promoters of the Bond have shown.

Our Capital Infrastructure has been neglected. In recent years we have only invested about £63 million and £32 million of that as almost by mistake because it related to the Waste Management Station.

The Environment affects us all. We live in the most beautiful of places. We need to adopt balanced environmental policies that protect that.

I want to end on a positive note. I want to make sure Guernsey continues to be the wonderful Island it is populated by decent law abiding people. We want to continue as we have previously to reach for the stars and not for our bootlaces.

Answers to questions proposed by the public:

Most of the detailed work of the States is done in committees, like the Committee for Environment and Infrastructure. What experience do you have of being on a committee and how did you contribute?

I have plenty of experience in States Committees. I was in the States from 1994 to 2000 and served on many States Committees. I was President of the Board of Industry amongst other things and I was also a Member of Advisory & Finance which was the senior Committee. During this term, amongst other things, I have been President of the Committee for Economic Development and the States Trading Supervisory Board. I believe in all the Committees that I have been a Member of, both last time and this time, I have made a contribution, I have always read the papers and I have decisive and proactive views.

With unemployment currently running at an all time high, what measures would you like in place to ensure local people are offered jobs before license holders ?

We should always be looking wherever possible to employ local people before employing a licensed person and in the light of the undoubted problems that arise with the pandemic we should be even more conscious, without being too bureaucratic, of looking to employ local people.

What concrete measures would you like to see implemented in Guernsey during the next term to achieve net zero carbon by 2050?

I would like us to get our main source of energy by electricity. I would like us to where possible encourage the use of electric cars over a period of time. I would like us to encourage all forms of alternative transport to the extent that is both practical and cost-effective.

I live in St Peter Port but have interests in the Vale, St Peters and Castel. Will you be looking at Island Wide issues or more so in your Parish of residence?

I was a Conseiller from 1997-2000 and I looked at Island-wide issues then. Even when I have been Parochial Deputy, both initially in the Castel and latterly in St Peter Port, I have concerned myself with the wider Island-wide matters. That said I have also taken up many parish matters because the two are not always in conflict and should not be in conflict.

Are you concerned about the large amount of agricultural land that is being lost for private gardens?

Agricultural land should be preserved if it genuinely going to be used as agricultural land. Sometimes technically you have at the bottom of somebody's garden a bit of agricultural land that has not been used for eg 20 years. There is no point, if nobody wants to use it and it has no agricultural value, in continuing with that being zoned as agricultrual land, but generally the overall principle should be if it is agricultural land it should remain as such.

You will make many commitments as a politician, but how will you actually ensure these are achieved? If you have been a deputy before, what will you do differently this term to improve achievements?

I have been a States Member for over ten years, both six years some time ago and four years more recently. I have always tried to achieve my goals. Because of our consensus form of government that has not always been possible, and sometimes circumstances are such that your view has changed because time has moved on. If you make a commitment though you should always do your best to achieve it, or if it does change for good reason explain why your view has now changed.

What are your opinions on climate change and Guernsey's role in tackling it?

Climate change is undoubtedly happening. It has always happened throughout history but it is of major concern now both in Guernsey and elsewhere. I think Guernsey is taking a pro-active and sensible and commensurate role and must continue to do so.

What are the attributes and skills you will be looking for in the next President of the Policy & Resources Committee?

He or she must be pro-active. They must be willing to listen. They must give good leadership. They must have regard to the economy because without the solidly based economy none of the social issues which need to be addressed such as Education, Health and the like can be realistically achieved. You need a strong vibrant and outlooking personality.

If the independent Cost Benefit Analysis supports lengthening the airport runway, would you vote in favour of investing in this key element of island infrastructure?

Undoubtedly I would.

Do you believe that diversification of the island's tax base is an important consideration for Guernsey in today's volatile and fast-moving global economy? If so, how can this specifically be achieved for Guernsey?

Yes I do. We must preserve the Finance Sector and develop it as best we can but, like in any business, you are always looking for alternative ways of increasing your revenue. The way we can achieve that in Guernsey is by being seen as an open economy that encourages new businesses that helps them where it can effectively. Guernsey should be open for businesses that suit Guernsey and we should do whatever we can to achieve that in a pragmatic and practical way.

What are the candidates' views on maternity pay and leave and how would they improve the current arrangements, if at all?

We need to encourage women to work in the workforce, contribute to the economy, look after their family and ensure that our society is balanced and has due regard to parenthood. Hence we should see what we can do in relation to maternity pay in the sense of if we can increase it fine, but that should be looked at carefully and with balance.

Do you agree that people should be encouraged to use cars less and if so what measures would you like to see introduced to achieve this?

I agree with the word encouraged. The way you would achieve that would be, at least in part, to have a better bus service, although I think we have got a very good bus service but like everything it can be improved but that would be at a cost.

Do you support outsourcing of States services?

Yes but only where possible and where there is a clear benefit for Guernsey.

What will you do to educate the islanders about the reality of the climate crisis which is the biggest threat currently facing the world?

The question has already given the answer. We need to educate people by giving knowledge, by encouraging people to give their views, etcetera. That can be disseminating information publicly, having lectures, courses and seminars.

Most environmental problems are caused by the love of growth. Would you consider de-growth?

We cannot have an economy that is static. That said, although I am not saying it is easy, you can balance growth with giving proper and good consideration for environmental issues.

What intra island transport strategy would you support to ensure safe and ‘clean’ travel on island for all road users, pedestrians, cyclists and motorists? And how do you plan to deliver that plan financially?

I would support the best bus service we can have (see my comments above). I would support encouraging people to ride pedal cycles, walk and be as healthy as they can. I would encourage the growth towards electric vehicles. I would accept though that there is a need, for a variety of reasons, for motor cars. Financially the Island can do what it can in relation to a change of attitude, etcetera, but we cannot give an open cheque book.

What environmental policies would you support to reduce Guernsey’s reliance on the internal combustion engine, in support of International global warming initiatives?

I have already mentioned that, eg use of buses (therefore less journeys), encourage the use of electric vehicles and any alternative mode of transport as technology develops.

What measures will you put in place during the next term to ensure that environmental biodiversity will be protected and enhanced?

Again this should be positive encouragement and where necessary Government stepping in, but in a balanced way to ensure that that policy is achieved.

The Guernsey Press had an article and a picture of a proposed East Coast development called HYDROPORT. It seemed to me to be a brilliant plan and included a new deep water harbour, a hydro electric supply by enclosing Belgrave bay and changes to St Peter port harbour to accommodate cruise liners and super yachts. It would provide jobs, produce an ongoing and substantial revenue stream and make us to some extent self-reliant on electricity, why has there been no update on this project?

The question makes many good points. I believe that there has been no update and there needs to be careful consideration as to cost and to ensure that if a go ahead is given necessary controls are in place to make sure the project is funded. That includes over what period of time it would take and whether all the elements were justified. For example some people have many concerns about Belgrave, whereas others do not. Some people support the development of a Marina. I am not suggesting kicking this into the long grass though and that is an issue that needs to be addressed by the States early on in its new term. I see it as a wider issue though than the Hydroport project.

Do you agree that there is a climate crisis caused predominantly by the actions of humans?

Undoubtedly some of it is but some of it is natural. Whatever the cause it is immaterial. You look at how you address the problems of climate change as best we practically can.

Longue Hougue has been proposed as a site for inert waste disposal despite it being a site of international importance in terms of wildlife. La Societe Guernesiase and other scientists have advised against this. What will you do to ensure that this valuable habitat is protected?

This has been the subject of much States debate. I believe there are ways of protecting wildlife and balancing the need for an inert waste site. At the moment it still favours Longue Hougue but that is under further consideration.

Most scientists and experts agree that a target of 2050 to achieve ‘net zero’ carbon emissions is nowhere near ambitious enough and will have catastrophic consequences around the world. What will you do to ensure that Guernsey takes action to significantly reduce carbon emissions during the next term?

Of course I, like probably everybody else who is elected, will do our best to ensure that Guernsey plays its part in reducing carbon emissions as much as it pragmatically can.

What is your view on current spending on Aurigny, is it worth how much we are paying? Is it run efficiently? Did we need new aircraft?

Without Aurigny we would be in real trouble. That is not to say though it should not be run as efficiently as it can. I believe generally it is run efficiently but of course like any business it can be improved. It was a considered business decision to have a new aircraft.

If elected, would you fully support the retention, repair and ongoing maintenance of the Sea Defences provided by the anti-tank wall at L’Ancresse Bay?

I have already expressed my view in relation to that. When appropriate we must take all action we can to maintain our sea defences. I do not believe that is necessary at this moment in relation to the L'Ancresse anti-tank wall.

A significant proportion of the concerns about the two college model of secondary education related to the capital costs and space standards: they could have been addressed with higher spending. Would you be prepared to spend more money on the future model of secondary education than previously agreed by the States in September 2019? If so, how much more?

I now support the three school model. I believe that would be efficient. I believe it would deliver at no or no extra material costs and overall a significant saving on capital cost, and give a better quality of education than that otherwise proposed.

With the general increase in costs of running the island and with various capital projects requiring funding; and with limitations on the amount that islanders can be taxed; do you think that it may be time to revisit the 0-10 tax scheme that created a big black hole in the island's finances?

Yes indeed. I think we do need to revisit it. We have to have regard to our competitors and our neighbours. Nevertheless it should be looked at again.

If elected, what priority will you give to the introduction of the already-drafted consumer protection legislation?

I would not make it our absolute priority because we have, in the light of the Pandemic, to look at our finances and our economy first. Nevertheless the consumer must have proper protection.

Did you know that same-sex families aren't treated equally when it comes to registering the birth of a child? What will you do to change that?

I have to confess I did not know that but it should be very easy to achieve. The rules should be the same and they should be as sympathetic as possible.

Would you support a programme of privatisation of island utilities and other facilities such as Beau Sejour to help reduce record levels of borrowing resulting from the cost of Covid defences?

Well the answer is probably I do not think I would at this stage because our market is so small. We are dependent upon these utilities. For example, both Guernsey Water and Guernsey Electricity are run very efficiently indeed. The privatisation of Beau Sejour has been looked at before and it was going to be impractical and I see no change in those circumstances. It is not big enough for any independent operator to run it on a commercial basis, as has been looked at previously.

Increasing home working will likely result in surplus office space. Will you encourage an urgent revision of Planning Policies to facilitate conversion of retail and office space to residential & curb green-field development?

I would encourage a revision of Planning Policies, both in relation to office space and other issues. It is too protracted and bureaucratic.

What is your attitude towards enhanced and mandatory registration, chipping and DNA recording of dogs and control of their fouling, island-wide?

I have a dog. I have always had dogs. It is irresponsible of people to allow their dogs to foul the pavement and not clear it up afterwards. For the protection of dogs I would be in favour, again on a pragmatic basis, of addressing these issues.

I have one question for sitting Deputies and one for new candidates. Deputies:- what, in your mind, was your greatest political achievement in the last four years? New candidates:- What is your biggest political goal in the next four years?

I am a sitting Deputy. If I had to identify one issue over the last four years I would say it is my stewardship as President of the STSB which is a very complicated, important and significant States Committee.

How good are your mediation and conciliation skills? The key to the islands well-being and progress is in working together to achieve the projects approved - to see sustainable, innovative solutions. Leadership in pulling the team together to move forward, rather than in circles.

I believe they are pretty good. I have used them professionally and I use them in my own life.

Would you support not giving Local Market licenses to those earning above a set level to support both LM and OM?

This used to be a consideration. What we should be doing as referred to in an earlier answer is seeking to encourage, where possible, jobs to be given to local people. Where that is not possible financial consideration should have some bearing balanced against the need to make people feel welcome.

First time buyers are encouraged to buy new build developments taking up green space, while there are vast amounts of listed properties facing dereliction on the island - buildings ripe for restoration, renovation and to be lived in. Currently, people are put off as they are greeted with stringent and outdated views by The Planning and Heritage Department - it takes too much time and money so are immediately put off. What will you do to change the process for the better?

The most precious commodity in Guernsey is land. Once it is built upon it is lost forever for any other use. Hence landfill sites should be encouraged and open land should be protected where practically possible. I agree absolutely that some of the restrictions on listed properties are just too stringent and too impractical and I would rail them back by changing the process by making it less bureaucratic.

Would you support changes in the law to make cannabis for personal use legal?

I certainly would not prosecute people for possession of small amounts. The wider issue of whether you legalise cannabis needs very careful thought. That is not a "kick it down the road" answer. We need to look at the wider consequences of legalising it.

In 1945, the generosity of people outside Guernsey enabled the delivery of Red Cross parcels to the island on the SS Vega. What is your view on the statement that ‘charity begins at home but should not end there’? How can we best show our care for people in need in other parts of the world?

I have always favoured us, as a relatively wealthy community, assisting Overseas Development projects. We need to look after our own people but we have to recognise the charity that was given to us post the Second World War when we needed it and the considerable needs of others in the World.

Considering the mounting public pressure against the way our current justice system deals with cannabis offences, what is your stance on the legalisation and regulation of cannabis in Guernsey?

I certainly would not prosecute people for possession of small amounts. The wider issue of whether you legalise cannabis needs very careful thought. That is not a "kick it down the road" answer. We need to look at the wider consequences of legalising it.

In a review last year into drugs and treatments and States debate in January, HSC acknowledged that the disparity between life changing NICE TA drugs available in Guernsey compared to the NHS had become too great to be justified, with nearly 4000 patients now on sub-optimal treatments. The Guernsey Health Reserve was identified as the funding source. HSC announced last week a delay of at least a year to the implementation of this policy. How do you propose to tackle the pace at which change takes place within the States? Should you be held accountable for delivering on commitments you make individually, as a committee or collectively as the States?

We made a commitment. I voted for it and we should honour it. I see no reason for not honouring a commitment that was given as recently as this year.

What ideas do you have to ensure there is affordable housing including support for first time buyers and ensure affordable rental property is available for locals so they can continue to live here? What is your stance on mortgage tax relief and shared ownership initiatives?

There is no easy answer but there is much we can do. There is no point having policies that are not followed. I would change the affordable housing policy by saying to developers "Yes you can build your expensive houses here but you must build X number of units elsewhere which are affordable". I would give tax relief to first time buyers up to a certain amount and a generous certain amount because of the cost of property in Guernsey. I would encourage also the States to build what used to be called States houses as that would (a) help the rental market, and (b) encourage our construction industry at a time when it is still very difficult for them. I am also in favour of shared ownership initiatives.

Earlier this year, the States passed the introduction of life-saving and life-changing NICE-Approved drugs & medicines by a massive 32-1 vote; these drugs are readily available under the NHS and SHS in the UK. HSC have now announced that the implementation of this is now to be delayed by a year or so. Out of all projects the States have on their list - this has to be THE single most important one because it will affect up to 4,000+ residents of our island. How do you intend to bring forward the delay of this incredibly important topic to a much quicker implementation date?

I have answered this in the sense that it is a matter of priority and I find it somewhat distasteful, having been one of the 32 that voted for it, that there is now to be a delay and that we should do our urgent best to ensure that this is addressed in the early part of this new States.

What would you do to address traffic noise pollution from vehicles speeding and backfiring along St Georges Esplanade/Les Banques and towards town?

I would get the Police to enforce the law. There already is a law and the Police should enforce it.

In January 2020 the States passed a policy to make all NICE TA drugs and treatments available to Islanders. Do you see this as a priority and if so how would you expedite implementation?

We made a commitment. I voted for it and we should honour it. I see no reason for not honouring a commitment that was given as recently as this year.

The recent Frontier report on the runway extension summed up that "the economic benefits of extending the runway are likely to outweigh the costs" with net benefits over 40 years of up to £687m (over £20k per household). Post COVID, do you support continued investigation into the potential for a runway extension to improve Guernsey's infrastructure, air links, and sustain the visitor economy?

I do support further investigation into it and I absolutely and have consistently supported a runway extension. The Island will be in a very difficult place if there is not a runway extension in early course.

Have you been made aware that every report that the SOG has commissioned for 20 years has flagged the need to extend the runway to circa 1700m+ and the commercial benefits it will bring for the island as a whole?

I have been made aware of all relevant States reports.

Brexit presents a unique opportunity for Guernsey to strengthen its ties with other Commonwealth countries and stand on its own two feet on an international scale. Would you be willing to make an effort to strengthen our diplomatic ties to countries like New Zealand, Australia, and Canada?

Guernsey should strengthen its ties, not only with the Commonwealth but anywhere else. We need as many friends as we can in a difficult World which is often jealous of our relative prosperity and lifestyle.

The current states assembly has approved proposals for a Discrimination Ordinance, but much work needs to be done. How committed are you to ensuring that LGBTQ+ people, people of colour, people with disabilities and people of faith are protected on this island?

All my life I have been against discrimination of any kind. So of course I am committed to this.

What criteria do you use for decision making?

Evidence, judgment, experience and common sense.

In the last two years two pieces of legislation have come to the States which specifically target the most vulnerable members of our society - euthanasia and abortion - where a person’s fundamental and basic right to life is overridden in the name of lesser rights. Do you believe that disposing of a person’s life is a sign of progress? Do you believe that failing to protect human life at any age or stage of development is the mark of a civilised and enlightened and caring society?

I voted against what is termed "Euthanasia" although it was not termed that in the States because although I am a liberal in most matters, I did not feel that society, and particularly Guernsey, was ready for that. When I was in the States between 1994 and 2000 I voted for the amendments in relation to the Abortion Law then and I voted more recently for the changes to the Abortion Law. They should be considered and balanced and I believe they are.

It is beyond time to invest in our people, infrastructure and public services. Do you plan to make the island's tax system more fair and progressive, so that more businesses and the wealthy pay a fairer share?

Of course our Island's tax system must be as fair and progressive as possible. We must look again I think at Zero 10 and we must make sure that everybody, whoever he, she or they are, makes their fair contribution but have regard to the fact that middle earners and those below are suffering considerably and cannot take any more tax increases.

In light of covid-19 and the hit that the tourist industry has taken what plans (if any) would you try to put in place to make Guernsey more attractive to tourists after travel bans are lifted? And do you feel tourism should play a more crucial role in Guernsey? If not, why?

I have a personal interest in the Tourism and Hospitality sector. Of course it should play a more crucial role. We should extend the runway and we should, as is stated, focus on air and sea links.

Please list in order of importance: - driving Guernsey’s economy - addressing social needs - protecting the environment - invest in Guernsey’s infrastructure and improve - sort out the schools - focus on air and sea links - extend the runway - implement revive and thrive as a priority - open our closed borders as a priority - reduce states expenditure

The first issue should be driving Guernsey's economy, but you cannot do it at all costs. You cannot destroy the environment. It is often said Guernsey is a business. It is but it is a business that must implement properly social policies. I would extend the runway. I would open our borders as soon as we practically can and I would also reduce States expenditure. These issues interlink and it is not possible sensibly to say A is the priority and B is not but we have to encourage economic measures because without those nothing else is possible.

List your achievements to date which have been a benefit to Guernsey.

I think as an individual I have given employment, I have worked hard, I have contributed to Guernsey in a number of ways. As a States Member, both in my previous terms and in the current term, I have made clear our values as a society should be upheld and that we should encourage people to be entrepreneurial whilst ensuring that we protect those that need to be protected.

Do you support a reduction in the cost of running the civil service? If so, how would you do that and over what timescale?

Yes I do. This should be done I believe in the first three to six months of the new States. We should be sitting down with the Chief Executive of the States, who has promised Civil Service reform and saying where are we? (which is what I supported). There was significant Civil Service reform promised and a significant reduction in costs. I have not seen much evidence of that to date but I anticipate that can now be progressed.

As we subsidise the airline, should Aurigny have a monopoly over all air routes to and from the Bailiwick, with a regulator to ensure fair pricing and a policy of not for profit?

In practical terms we are a very small jurisdiction. Without Aurigny we would have been in considerable trouble, both in recent years and particularly as a result of the Pandemic. Compare us with Jersey and our comparison is favourable. I am not in favour of regulator after regulator because they tend to be expensive and impractical in many instances.

What is your view regarding commercialisation with respect to States owned entities?

In theory it looks good but in practice, because of our size, in most if not all cases would not work.

Should the island be spending tax payers money on maintaining air and sea links?

Absolutely. The new States should give this early consideration as to the most practical way of doing that.

What is your view on future funding for long term care as current funding will be insufficient by 2040?

This needs to be looked at in that wider context of States' obligations and States revenues.

What is your opinion of introducing a goods and sales tax?

In principle against it, but certainly there should be a moratorium on any tax increases for the next eighteen months to two years.

Would you support the ‘listing’ of all remaining historic military structures, as Jersey has done, to ensure their ongoing protection, repair and maintenance?

Yes as long as that is done in a practical way without falling into the trap we have with listing Heritage properties and then finding that they cannot be developed in any way because of the unrealistic strictures sometimes imposed.

What initiatives would you put in place to grow our economy?

Cut back on regulation. Make sure that businesses are welcomed to Guernsey and that we, in relation to our homespun businesses, do the best we can to help them. Reduce the burden of costs and bureaucracy wherever possible.

Do you believe that the rates of income support are a) too low b) about right or c) too high? Explain your answer in some detail.

I think they are probably about right. We should do what we can afford.

How will you support and encourage young people coming to the island with regards to housing and licencing to ensure the island has more stable tax base as the population ages?

We need to encourage local young people to stay in the Island. Where we need to "import" young people then they should be given the opportunity to rent or purchase accommodation at reasonable rates.

How will your religious faith influence your voting decisions?

My voting decisions are influenced by doing what I think is fair and reasonable and those are the considerations that I have above all others.

Have you read the recommendations contained in the Frontier Economics Report in which they state that the long term benefits of extending the runway far outweigh the environmental and capital costs? If so, are you in favour of extending the runway?

Yes I have and I have supported in any event a runway extension for some time.

What are your views on the cost of Primary Healthcare locally and what innovative ideas do you have that don’t simply involve ‘redirecting funding from a different states pot’ to create fair, equitable and affordable access to Primary Care for all islanders?

It would be easy to come up with an instant remedy but there is not one. They are expensive but we have good services. We should sit down with the doctors and interested social groups to try and ensure that we effectively provide healthcare at reasonable costs for all of our society. That issue has to a degree been addressed recently by the States in connection with primary health charges for young people/children.

Do you support developing end of life care (including palliative care) or would you look to introduce a form of euthanasia as in assisted dying (assisted suicide)?

I voted against assisted dying. I was very much influenced by my mother's death. Although I am a liberal I think that this is something that ought to be taken very carefully and on a different sort of basis. I do support the developing of end of life care.

Education - Do you know what T levels are and if you do, would you be enthusiastically demanding that they are available here in Guernsey?

I am in favour of doing anything that is practical and helps the improvement of our education system, whether it is T levels or anything else - I do not pretend to have any real knowledge of what T levels are.

What will you do to help Guernsey businesses revive and thrive and make Guernsey a 'smarter' and technologically advanced place to do business, and to encourage new start up businesses?

I would speak to them. I would find out what they want. I would make sure that our technology was the best that we could realistically achieve.

There is a lack of mental health support available - particularly to those who seem to fall into the apparent gap between the secondary and primary mental health services. What will you do to address this?

I speak to people who realise that this needs to be done (I realise it needs to be done) and do whatever we practically could to improve it. It does need improving. I would speak to interested and capable professionals to see what needs to be done.

How would you as a deputy ensure emotive proposals such as, change to abortion law or assisted dying law would be publicly debated? And allow Islanders to have more of a say in these emotive issues.

Before these are ever considered by the States, and abortion has recently been considered by the States, the views of the public should be sought.

What is your position on the opportunity to debate the abortion issue more openly and fairly with more balanced representations to the Deputies?

It has been debated recently. I think it was fairly debated. Of course it is a very important moral but also medical issue and one where ethics played a considerable part in the decisions made.

How do you see the way forward for secondary education in the island? Do you favour a particular model and if so which one?

I favour a three school model. I favour a Sixth Form Centre. I favour a tertiary education being developed on the old St Peter Port School site.

Recognising the importance of our natural environment and our hospitality industry how would you propose to move forward essential repairs and any development at St Peter Port harbour, securing access to our beaches (e.g. Petit Port, Divette, Soldiers bay), the maintenance of our cliff paths and the important access from the bathing places to the Clarence battery? Does this essential maintenance take priority over the development of the East Coast/Town seafront?

I recognise the importance of our natural environment. We need to do essential maintenance on various parts of the Harbour/beaches, etcetera. We need to secure access to our beaches. That must be the priority, including maintenance of cliff paths. That maintenance must take priority over the development which is more long term anyway.

What are your views about the proposed way forward with regard to Probate, recognising that the age-old system has been efficient, pastoral, and inexpensive? Are you of the view "if it ain't broke don't fix it"?

I did not want the changes made. I was one of those who led the way against the changes being made but they have now been voted on by the States. I did not make my decision to retain the system based on religious beliefs but simply because I know as a Lawyer it worked. It was more efficient, cheaper and better for Guernsey than the bureaucratic system which I fear will now be implemented and which other jurisdictions suffer from.

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